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Part One – News Review and Investigative Reports
Justin Thomas, PCS Union official, joins Tony and Martin. RMT strikes and why they’re striking. Other Unions and problems workers are facing. Covid and working from home. Cuts to Civil Services. RMT strike and General Secretary Mick Lynch. Cost of living crisis – what’s causing it? Outsourcing. PMQs Dominic Raab vs Angela Rayner – RMT strike. Years of austerity since 2008. Civil service union warns of strike over Boris Johnson’s plan to cut 91,000 jobs PCS leader says members have reached ‘tipping point’ after PM’s combative move The biggest civil service union has warned of strike action over Boris Johnson’s “P&O-style” approach to cutting 91,000 Whitehall jobs, with ministers also seeking to reduce staff redundancy terms by up to a third. The plan to cut one in five civil service jobs caused alarm and dismay across government departments, after Johnson told his cabinet to spend the next month finding ways to cut the civil service back to pre-Brexit levels within three years. He claimed it was necessary to shrink the size of central government to tackle the cost of living crisis. The combative move by Johnson, briefed to the Daily Mail, comes on top of existing civil service anger over pay increases less than half of the current 7% rate of inflation, the Cabinet Office drive to get them back into the office and overwork from Covid backlogs. At the same time, ministers have told trade unions they are also trying to return to previously defeated plans to cut redundancy packages in the civil service by up to 33%. In a further shake-up, Steve Barclay, the Cabinet Office minister and No 10 chief of staff, said all senior civil service jobs would in future have to be advertised externally as well as internally. While taking on the civil service, Johnson made a fresh call to get employees in the public and private sector back to the office after the pandemic. The government had previously said it was up to businesses to figure out where their workforces should be based. But in an interview with the Daily Mail, he said: “We need to get back into the habit of getting into the office. I believe people are more productive, more energetic, more full of ideas, when they are surrounded by other people. “My experience of working from home is you spend an awful lot of time making another cup of coffee, and then you know, getting up, walking very slowly to the fridge, hacking off a small piece of cheese, then walking very slowly back to your laptop and then forgetting what it was you’re doing.” Mark Serwotka, the general secretary of the Public and Commercial Services (PCS) union, representing about 180,000 public sector workers, warned that the civil service had reached the “tipping point” of national strike action being realistic. “We have our conference in 10 days’ time where I’m as certain as I can be that we will move to a national strike ballot, probably in September,” he said. He said the civil service was already struggling with backlogs of passports, driving licences, court cases, and pension payments due to “chronic understaffing and a recruitment crisis”. “Six weeks ago we were all outraged about P&O and now half a million civil servants have woken up to the media saying one in five jobs must go,” he added, referring to P&O Ferries’ recent sacking of nearly 800 crew. Dave Penman, the general secretary of the FDA union, which represents 19,000 senior civil servants, said it had been like a “kind of P&O: civil servants finding out about one in five jobs having to go via the Daily Mail” and that the 91,000 number had been “plucked out of thin air”. Kevin Brandstatter, a national officer at the GMB union, which represents a large number of Ministry of Justice staff, said: “This is a complete bombshell for the civil service and it’s not clear yet where the axe will fall. But if the cuts hit GMB members in the Ministry of Justice it will have a massive impact on legal aid and everyone’s right to proper representation.” Permanent secretaries wrote to their departments on Friday, with some expressing regret at the way the news of cuts had been conveyed. Jim Harra, the permanent secretary at HM Revenue and Customs, sent a message to staff saying: “I am sorry that you have learned this from the media rather than from me or civil service leaders.”…
Ex Labour MP Chris Williamson, from Resist UK, on what he would do if he was Chancellor Rishi Sunak. ‘People’s Great Reset’. Simple structural changes for industrial planning and UK wealth redistribution. Training and development in jobs. Flattening the pyramid. PMQs Dominic Raab vs Angela Rayner – Tories are militant. Getting rid of right to protest. Education. Rebuilding socialism outside of Labour In this third article of a three-part series – former Corbyn staffer Phil Bevin looks at the prospects for real change – and how to achieve it outside a Labour party whose regime no longer represents even the vaguest idea of genuine socialism Real, lasting change doesn’t come from negotiating for crumbs from the establishment’s table but working with communities to help them claim power for themselves. This means talking to people, finding out their concerns, and campaigning to ensure that the holders of power are held to account, and the system they serve contested at elections. In large parts of the country, this kind of activism is impossible to achieve through the Labour Party because its representatives are the local establishment. Many of us who are trying to contribute to progressive change end up fighting against the Labour Party. ‘Labour and its associated culture of managerialism should be allowed to die’ For instance, I live in Birmingham, where Labour controls the City Council. Despite having £500 million in reserve, at least £50 million of which is unallocated, the housing conditions are appalling, even slum-like. Flats suffer from damp, cockroach infestations, urine in lifts, and overcrowding. It should be a scandal, but Momentum and the Labour left have done nothing to address it, perhaps because highlighting the problems would mean damaging the image of the party they represent. Even worse, at election time, Momentum and the Labour left will most likely be out knocking on doors urging people to vote for the very Councillors that presided over this misery. For socialism to thrive in my area and elsewhere, Labour and its associated culture of establishment approved managerialism should be allowed to die….
Talking of fake socialists… Boycott of Mayor Marvin’s Press briefings – since Local Democracy Reporters banned When the Post’s other LDR Adam Postans asked to attend the next briefing he was told LDRs were now not allowed to attend, in a move that has been branded as “anti-democratic” by the National Union of Journalists. The council has since denied the claim, saying LDRs have not been banned from the briefings but that it was part of a “long-standing agreement” for them not to attend. However, that did not stop the BBC, Bristol World and Bristol 24/7 as well as Bristol Live saying they would boycott future meetings until the LDRs are allowed to attend. The local democracy reporting service sees the BBC fund 165 local democracy reporters across the UK to report on local authorities in partner newsrooms, like Bristol Live. A BBC spokesperson said: “We are deeply disappointed by the decision taken by the mayor’s office to not allow the Bristol LDR into his fortnightly press conference. “It is an essential ingredient of local democracy that journalists should be able to ask robust, challenging questions to people in power. “We have today informed the mayor that the BBC won’t be attending the fortnightly mayoral briefings until this important issue is resolved. We will continue to report on the city council and mayor as normal by attending all other meetings.” Bristol Live senior editor Pete Gavan told Press Gazette it was “great to get this support” in boycotting the mayoral briefings and challenged the council’s claim that they had agreed not to send LDRs. Instead, according to Gavan, they had said they would send other reporters “when possible” but reserve the right to send LDRs. “We do not accept that any reporters should be banned from attending meetings at the behest of the council, nor from asking relevant questions on behalf of our readers and council taxpayers at any time,” he added. The National Union of Journalists’ Reach national coordinator Chris Morley argued that the actions of the council were “arrogant, high-handed, and essentially anti-democratic” and said “the slur it implies on the professionalism of our LDR members is thoroughly rejected”. Bristol24/7 editor Martin Booth said it was a “slippery slope” if journalists let the council choose who “they want to attend briefings and who they want to exclude”. He added: “Marvin Rees has previously said that his motto is ‘ask me anything’. I hope that he will live up to that motto and lift this ban on LDRs. Until that happens, Bristol24/7 will neither be attending nor covering any mayoral press conferences.”
5 year decline in trust of media – Press Gazette Five-year decline in UK news media trust sees BBC, Times and Telegraph have biggest drops – The Times, The Telegraph and the BBC have suffered the biggest drops in trust among UK news media over the past five years, according to one annual survey. The Times was named the most trusted UK newspaper brand in 2018 but has since seen trust fall by 20 percentage points to 43%, according Press Gazette analysis of annual data from the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. The BBC also saw a 20 percentage point drop in trust since 2018, although its fall from 75% to 55% still leaves it as the most trusted news brand in the UK, jointly with ITV News and just ahead of Channel 4 News on 54%. A BBC spokesperson said: Although we are never complacent, our own independent research shows that we saw a boost to perceptions of BBC News trustworthiness and impartiality during the pandemic, and BBC News is the source adults in the UK are most likely to turn to for impartial news on the biggest news stories of the day. Meanwhile, The Telegraph saw a 19 percentage point drop, from 55% of consumers saying they trusted its output in 2018 to 36% in 2022, as it maintained its position as the least trusted broadsheet in the UK.
Nicola Sturgeon and another Scottish referendum. PMQs deportation charter flights of immigrants. ‘Completely illegal!’ Nicola Sturgeon facing ‘political suicide’ over second referendum NICOLA STURGEON is facing “political suicide” over her planned second independence referendum, a commentator has claimed, saying the vote may be “completely illegal”. Former Scottish Conservative councillor Tony Miklinski said Ms Sturgeon “knows perfectly well” a second referendum is not going to be granted by a Conservative Government, bringing its legality into “severe doubt”. He said Ms Sturgeon is “boxing herself into an almost impossible situation”, as she has “always said” she won’t hold an illegal referendum. Mr Miklinski warned the Scottish First Minister it would be “political suicide” to lose the vote. Earlier this week, Ms Sturgeon said she plans to hold a referendum on October 19 2023, despite the UK Government so far refusing to grant Scotland permission to do so. In January 2020, Boris Johnson refused Scotland permission to hold another referendum, describing the 2014 vote as a “once in a generation” event. But Ms Sturgeon has said plans are underway to ensure the Scottish parliament could proceed with a vote lawfully. On Tuesday, she announced Scotland’s top law officer, Lord Advocate Dorothy Bain, had asked the Supreme Court for a decision on whether an advisory second referendum could be within Holyrood’s powers.
Part Two – Ukraine/Covid/Climate Round-Up With End Times Prophecy Reports
War in Ukraine. Rocket in shopping centre – not Russian? Western reporting of war written in Kiev. Erdogan says Sweden and Finland joining NATO could be blocked if memorandum isn’t followed. NATO want to widen the conflict. Isolation of West. NATO false flag tactics. Is Russias Bombing of the Mall in Kremanchuk Another False Atrocity Story Being Used to Justify Ongoing Military Intervention in Ukraine? Empty mall parking lot and existence of a munitions plant nearby raise questions about official narrative advanced in mainstream U.S. media On Tuesday June 28, mainstream media outlets reported that at least 18 people were killed and dozens injured in a Russian missile strike on a crowded shopping mall in the central Ukrainian city of Kremenchuk on Monday. Thirty-six other people were said to be missing and a survivor was on record saying that she had been shopping with her husband when the blast threw her into the air. The Associated Press, Reuters, The New York Times, NPR and other news outlets reporting on the story used Ukrainian government officials as their primary source, notably Mayor Vitaliy Maletskiywho wrote on Facebook that the attack hit a very crowded area, which is 100% certain not to have any links to the armed forces. But they made no independent investigation as to the truth of the self-serving statement. Also without verification they quoted Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskywho said in a Telegram post that the number of victims was unimaginable, and cited reports that more than 1,000 civilians were inside at the time of the attack. However, other reports contradict Zelensky and suggest that the Russian missile attack in Kremenchuk is just one more false story about alleged Russian atrocities known to have been fabricated by Ukraines very active propaganda mill….
Naomi Wolf and Naomi Klein twitter spat. Naomi Wolf on the Mark Steyn show on GB News – companies benefiting from Covid vaccines and lockdowns. Online Safety Bill. Lord Frost – bill should be scrapped – Mail. Institute of Economic Affairs – report on Online Safety Bill concluding freedom of speech is threatened –
The scope of the Bill is “breathtaking”, and raises significant issues for free speech, privacy and innovation. The establishment of safety duties, under the threat of multi-billion pound fines and criminal sanctions, risks digital platforms using automated tools in a cautious and censorious manner. This will embolden bad faith actors to seek content removals. The Secretary of State and Ofcom will have unprecedented powers to define and limit speech, with limited parliamentary or judicial oversight. The definition of harmful speech can be easily expanded through a statutory instrument, depending on the priorities of the incumbent Secretary of State. For example, the Shadow DCMS Secretary Lucy Powell clearly envisages an extension of the notion of ‘harmful’ to cover matters of public policy debate, having raised concerns that the Bill would allow ‘climate deniers’ to ‘slip through the net’. Privacy risks are raised by encouraging or requiring identity and age verification and proactive monitoring of user content by platforms. The Bill even applies this to private messaging, like WhatsApp. The Bill’s byzantine requirements will impose large regulatory costs, particularly on start-ups and smaller companies, and make it riskier to host content and develop innovative services. This risks discouraging investment, and cementing the market position of ‘Big Tech’ companies who can afford to comply. The impact assessment estimates that the Bill will cost businesses £2.5 billion over the first ten years, but this underestimates the direct costs (it claims legal fees are just £39.23 per hour) and does not even attempt to assess the potential costs to innovation, competition or international trade. There is a lack of evidence to justify the legislation, with respect to both the alleged prevalence of what the Bill treats as ‘harm’ and the link between the proposed measures and the desired objectives.
Online safety bill could impose ‘unprecedented’ censorship powers A new briefing paper by free market think tank the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) says the government’s flagship online safety bill will have a significant impact on free speech, privacy and innovation. The paper highlights the broad scope, complexity and reach of the bill, at over 255 pages, an increase of 110 pages since the May 2021 draft. The bill’s proposed establishment of safety duties, under the threat of multi-billion pound fines and criminal sanctions, risks digital platforms using automated tools in a cautious and censorious manner. This will embolden bad faith actors to seek content removals. The IEA also say the bill’s “byzantine” requirements will impose large regulatory costs, particularly on start-ups and smaller companies, and make it riskier to host content and develop innovative services. This could discourage investment, and cement the market position of “Big Tech” companies who can afford to comply. The impact assessment estimates that the bill will cost businesses £2.5 billion over the first ten years. However this underestimates the direct costs by claiming legal fees are just £39.23 per hour, and does not attempt to assess the potential costs to innovation, competition or international trade. There is a lack of evidence to justify the legislation, with respect to both the alleged prevalence of what the bill treats as “harm” and the link between the proposed measures and the desired objectives. The paper claims that the bill’s new duties will impose unprecedented censorship on lawful speech, through removal of suspected illegal content to ensure compliance and duties in relation to content that is allegedly harmful but not illegal. Platforms like Facebook, YouTube and Twitter will be expected to take action against speech if they “reasonably consider” it could be illegal, a significantly lower standard then “beyond reasonable doubt”. If they fail to do so, the companies can be fined up to 10 per cent of global revenue. The new harms-based communication offence in the bill outlaws intentionally causing psychological distress. The IEA say this risks empowering the easily offended and bad faith actors to solicit removals of legal speech from platforms. The Secretary of State will be able to direct Ofcom to change codes of practice “for reasons of public policy” and will set Ofcom’s priorities. Ofcom, through codes of conduct, will be able to decide what content could be “harmful” and thus set, and therefore potentially limit, the bounds of online free speech. The report argues that the bill’s free speech protections are very weak – the bill only establishes a duty on platforms to “have regard” to the importance of protecting users’ freedom of expression. Shadow DCMS Secretary Lucy Powell has even envisaged an extension of the notion of “harmful” to cover matters of public policy debate, having raised concerns that the bill would allow “climate deniers” to “slip through the net”.
Lilani Dowding on the Mark Steyn show, GB News – ‘The online harms bill is just so dangerous to free speech’ | Leilani Dowding reacts to bill – vaccine injury and fact checkers. Study into myocarditis and pericarditis after MRNa Covid vaccines Healthy young people are dying suddenly and unexpectedly from a mysterious syndrome – as doctors seek answers through a new national register People aged under the age of 40 being urged to go and get their hearts checked May potentially be at risk of having Sudden Adult Death Syndrome (SADS) SADS is an ‘umbrella term to describe unexpected deaths in young people’ A 31-year-old woman who died in her sleep last year may have had SADs
Vladimir Zelenko, Trump’s Doctor, dies – contribution Covid made to the collapse of US Super Power – spiritual dimension to his work and the miracle of life. Dr. Vladimir Zelenko, who touted unconventional COVID treatment, dies at 49 US physician, who served as Kiryas Joel community doctor for decades before parting ways, rose to fame in 2020 when his virus treatment was endorsed by then-president Trump American family physician Dr. Vladimir “Zev” Zelenko, who rose to fame during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic by promoting an unconventional treatment for the virus, died on Thursday after battling cancer for several years. He was 49. elenko, an Orthodox Jew born in Kyiv, moved to the United States with his family at the age of three, settling in Brooklyn, New York City. He received his medical degree from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 2000. He had served as the community doctor of Kiryas Joel, a town north of New York City, for nearly two decades, and was regarded by many as a beloved member of the community. In May 2020, however, he said he was leaving the Kiryas Joel community, where he had practiced medicine for years, following a fall-out with community leaders who publicly spoke out about his approach to the pandemic. Zelenko had developed the “Zelenko Protocol,” an experimental treatment for COVID-19 consisting of the anti-malarial medication hydroxychloroquine, the antibiotic azithromycin, and zinc sulfate and claimed to have successfully treated hundreds of patients using the three-drug combination over the course of five days.
Henry Widdas, Journalist, on NUJ’s work of protecting Journalists though Covid – and Julian Assange.
Piers Corbyn went to Just Stop Oil protest to convince them they’re wrong – CO2 follows climate change – article that explains why Piers Corbyn and ‘Freedom Five’ fined for breaching Covid-19 rules during anti-lockdown protests Piers Corbyn has been fined after breaching Covid-19 restrictions during a series of anti-lockdown protests in central London last year. The 75-year-old brother of former Labour leader Jeremy was found guilty at Westminster Magistrates’ Court on Wednesday of participating in four different gatherings of more people than restrictions allowed at the time between August 29 and December 31 2020. He was fined £750 and had to pay £275 in prosecution costs and £109 in surcharges following the incidents in Trafalgar Square, Westminster and South Bank, the Metropolitan Police said. The offences involved gatherings of more than 30 people at a time when regulations stated no-one could participate in groups of more than six outdoors unless certain exemptions applied. Fellow protesters Vincent Dunmall, 55, from Orpington, south-east London, and Louise Creffield, 36, of Brighton, were also found guilty of taking part in three of the gatherings between August 29 and October 24 2020.
Enclosure For Empire: Witchcraft, Freemasonry and Oliver Cromwell
Enclosure For Empire: Witchcraft, Freemasonry and Oliver Cromwell
STROUD 22Jun22 – Certain facts about the origins of the 1642-49 English Civil war have been established by historians and University departments over the centuries. Central are the grievances over Charles’s arbitrary rule and ‘three monopolies’ of church, printing and trade, that so stifled enterprise and free thought.
But what if there were a ‘third factor’, carefully concealed by wealthy merchants who were on the cusp of exploiting the New World? ‘Dark forces’ with a hidden agenda sniffed at by establishment historians then and now, because to raise it might threaten their reputations, their careers? Just such a possibility has in fact been creeping out, ‘given legs’ since WWII, in the works of Christopher Hill, Henry Brailsford, Pauline Gregg, John Robinson, Stephen Knight and Martin Short.
These writers represent two new perspectives on the seventeenth century battle between the feudal and merchant classes in England that was to have enormous repercussions across the world, not least of which was laying the foundatons for the acquisition of the biggest empire the world has ever seen.
Hill and Brailsford writing and researching in the 1956s and 1970s represent the post-war socialist culture finding its feet and reinterpreting social history, much research from original writings being made public for the first time. Their books tease out the social struggles and aspirations of the vast majority of England’s illiterate poor who had no voice yet were seeing their rights to land and livelihood and freedom of worship being corralled as they were made destitute by eviction and rabid anti-Catholicism.
In the 1970s and 80s insiders were saying Freemasonry was becoming less Christian, more sinister. Darker leaders were allegedly creeping in and whistleblowers began to speak out. These disclosures fell on fertile soil because publishing and broadcasting was in the middle of taboo-breaking couple of decades. Stephen Knight and Martin Short were writing in the 1980s about Freemasonry, complex deceptions and links into all aspects of power, at the highest offices of state and the criminal justice system were exposed.
Before tackling Freemasonry head on, Knight’s 1976 book ‘Jack the Ripper the Final Solution’ suggested prostitutes deaths had been ordered by the royal family after they received blackmail threats. The eldest son of king Edward VII, heir to the throne Prince Albert Victor, had been experimenting with prostitutes as a teenager, given one a child and married her under a pseudonym.
Due to the Masonic nature of the cover-up, Knight became a focus for 1970/80s Masons, disgruntled over more recent injustices within the craft. In 1984 the product of that research ‘The Brotherhood’ was published but Stephen Knight died shortly afterwards in 1985 aged 34. Journalist Martin Short was handed several boxes of unread correspondence Knight had received from readers and published his own, bigger, sequel ‘Inside The Brotherhood, Further Secrets of the Freemasons’ in 1989.
Freemasonry being a re-branding of the banned medieval Knights Templar cult is probably best detailed in John Robinson’s book ‘Born In Blood’ (1989). During the same period of relative press freedom Christian converts from secret black and white witch covens reported identical wording in the oaths of Masonic initiation rituals: promises of secrecy on pain of death, even methods of execution of ‘offenders’.
The Vatican’s inability, or unwillingness, to try accusations of witchcraft had been one of the many reformation grievances. As Henry VIII finally wrenched English Christendom away from Rome in December 1633, over the marriage to Anne Boleyn, the English church began a popularisation and freeing-up of Christian doctrine and practice which included dealing much more directly with accusations of witchcraft.
This took place over the century or so between the reformation and English civil war as a spiritual battle raged to deal with evidence of divination and sorcery which the Vatican had swept under the carpet. This extension of the crown’s judicial powers also provided ‘cover’ for Thomas Cromwell’s hostile takeover of the monasteries, and execution of several abbots, to which the king owed vast sums of money.
A look beyond the turbulent John Dee’s empire plan, Witch trials and Enclosure does seem to confirm this interpretation of secret societies in a kind of spiritual battle behind the scenes for legislative influence which will benefit them, running up to the power to hire and fire the monarch.
Between the outing of the Templars, and Elizabeth I, came the too-little studied nor understood Wars of the Roses. Understood as a battle for succession between the houses of York and Lancaster it can also be seen as the ultimately fruitless attempt to crush the Lancastrian power of the secretive Garter Knights. It was only with the coming of the 1485 Battle of Bosworth that this argument was finally settled in the garter knights favour. Sporadic bands of possibly state-sponsored brigands that had been roaming a lawless country for over a century were apprehended, and the English countryside was allowed to return to a reasonably peaceful existence.
Similarly after the 1688 ‘Glorious Revolution’ there was a considerable reservoir of learned noble distrust of the new protestant kings, considered illegitimate usurpers by the ‘Jacobites’. The name referred to King James and the Bible-believing Stuart line which had been overthrown by these ‘dark forces’. This even extended in 1745 to a great march to attack London by the Highlanders and their allies which, probably wisely, was abandoned in Derby and returned home.
It should not come as a great surprise that Freemasonry might be lurking behind machinations of the English Civil War since the idea was prominent in some seventeenth and eighteenth century accounts and illustrations. But this aspect has become less prominent today because mainstream historians tell us Freemasonry only emerged in England in 1717.
‘Emerged’ is the word, because ‘philanthropist’ Elias Ashmole proudly records his own 1646 initiation into freemasonry at Warrington in his memoirs. So we know ‘the craft’ was active underground from at least the civil war period in England. Was the 1717 deception an attempt to conceal some role Freemasonry’s hidden networks of power had in the overthrow of Charles I, and the later usurping of James Stuart’s throne in 1688 by ‘puritan’ William of Orange?
- 1118 – The Vatican founds the Knights Templar after the First Crusade
- 1154 – The Great Schism as rival pontiffs from the Roman and Orthodox churches split
- 1204 – Sacking of Orthodox Constantinople led by Knights Templar of the Vatican’s Fourth Crusade
- Friday 13th October 1307 – French King Philip the Fair orders arrest of the Templars for denying Christ, homosexuality, worshipping idols plus other blasphemies and heresies.
- 1312 – Templar Order is extinguished by the Vatican and banning decrees issued by European kings. Property is transferred to the Knights Hospitaller, today known as the Knights of Malta. Templars now have to go underground, under false names staying in secret network of ‘safe houses’ known as ‘lodges’.
- 1348 – Order of the Garter is created by Edward III at Woodstock, Oxfordshire with 26 knights. Legend is the motto ‘Shame on anyone who thinks this is evil’, originated when the Countess of Salisbury, dancing with the king, dropped her garter and he gallantly picked it up. However in her 1921 anthropological study of witchcraft Margaret Murray says the garter is a hidden emblem of a witchcraft high priestess, indicating control of a coven of 13, and that the king may have been demonstrating his support for her.
- 1381 – Peasant’s Revolt believed to have been orchestrated by the underground Templars to threaten the boy-King Richard II and regain or destroy property lost seventy years previously when they were extinguished.
- 1411 – Foundation of London’s Guildhall, bringing medieval guilds together, leading to increased insularity and profiteering through shared monopolistic practices. Guilds had been getting more formalised and secretive over the previous 200 years or so with oaths of initiation to protect the secrets of their craft. Livery Companies began to dominate the political and economic life of the City of London through monopolistic practices and controlling apprenticeships. In the 21st Century there remain 84 City companies, the ‘Great Twelve’ Mercers, Grocers, Drapers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners, Merchant-Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Ironmongers, Vintners, Clothworkers and 72 minor companies.
- 1446 – Rosslyn Chapel is built in Midlothian, Southeast of ex-Templar Port Edinburgh by Sir William St Clair. Architecture hints at Templar influences and pillars depict plants only known in the Americas, which weren’t supposed to have been discovered until fifty years afterwards.
- 1455-1487 – Wars of the Roses dynastic battles over thirty years tied up with England losing control of French territories with sides symbolised by the white Lancastrian and red Yorkshire five-pointed roses, sometimes depicted as white within red as the Tudor Rose. Because the five-petalled rose is a form of hexagram some have suggested that it represents the merging of Lancastrian and Yorkist covens. Wars culminate both dynastically, in the 1486 marriage of Henry VII to Elisabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV, and militarily in the 1487 Battle of Bosworth where Henry Tudor’s Yorkist rival Richard III is killed.
- 1489 – Depopulation Act ‘Against Pulling Down Of Towns’ under Henry VII
- 1492-97 – So-called discovery of South America and Caribbean by Christopher Columbus who sailed from Palos de la Frontera in Spain and North America by John Cabot sailing out of Bristol. There is much evidence that the ancient Phoenicians traded across the Atlantic, that some Europeans were aware of the ‘New World’ and that these voyages may have simply made public what elites already knew, to prepare Europeans for coming centuries of colonisation.
- 1515 – Royal Proclamation ‘Against Engrossing Of Farms’ under Henry VIII
- 1516 – Depopulation Act
- 1516, 1518 and 1519 – Royal Anti-Enclosure Commissions
- 1534 – Sheep Farming Restraining Act
- 1536 – Two Depopulation Acts
- 1536 – 1541 – The English Reformation is beginning in earnest with a frontal attack on the commercial operations of the church. Dissolution of the Monasteries by Oliver Cromwell’s great-great grandfather and Henry VIII’s chief minister Thomas Cromwell – 900 religious business institutions are ‘nationalised’ and sold off. 12,000 in religious orders are sacked as the debt the crown owes to the great monastic institutions, tens of billions of pounds in 2020 money, is cancelled. With Luther and Calvin’s wider ‘Reformation’ comes a tacit encouragement of Freemason lodges, as secret ‘speakeasies’ until emerging officially into public view 180 years or so later.
- 1542 – Henry VIII passes England’s first capital Witchcraft Act removing jurisdiction from the Vatican’s church courts to the crown courts and assizes.
- 1549, Jul-Aug – Kett’s Rebellion in Norfolk over enclosure. East Anglia ruled for seven weeks from under an oak tree by Robert Kett and 16,000 peasants. Enclosers locked up in Norwich jail for ‘stealing the land’. King Edward VI’s army is twice turned back by the rebels, is then reinforced and defeats them.
- 1552 and 1555 Depopulation Acts
- 1563 – Depopulation Act repeals all four 1526, 1552 and 1555 Acts as ineffective. Acknowledged or not, this was probably because the administration of all previous acts and commissions since 1489 were in the hands of the landed classes who were profiting personally from enclosure.
- 1563 – Post-Reformation ‘Witchcraft Act’, passed in Scotland, makes witchcraft, or consulting with witches, a capital crime.
- 1563 – Elizabeth I’s Witchcraft Act reduces penalties for witchcraft except it remains a capital offence for those proven also to have caused harm.
- 1577 – John Dee privately publishes his clandestine vision for the ascendancy of a projected British Empire, advised by Christopher Hatton and Robert Dudley, for Elizabeth I in ‘General and Rare Memorials Pertayning to the Perfect Arte of Navigation’. Though part of Dee’s plan, Elizabeth claims privateers Francis Drake, Walter Raleigh and John Hawkins are not working for the crown. [FFI see articles by Alex Grover, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich]
- 1580 – Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the world.
- 1581-1795 – Calvinist ‘Dutch Republic’, where Catholics are persecuted. It is to play a major role in providing finance and military expertise to Cromwell during the English civil war. Following the 1660 restoration of Charles II the Dutch republic resumes harrying England’s Catholic kings with the 1665 Monmouth rebellion and much better funded 1688 ‘Glorious revolution’ which finally deposes the Stuart line and imposes a violently anti-Catholic regime.
- 1590-92 – North Berwick witch trials in which Agnes Sampson, Geillis Duncan and schoolmaster Dr John Fian were accused of being members of a coven at St Andrews’ Auld Kirk. Around 100 people were accused including Francis Stewart, 5th Earl of Bothwell and other gentry. It’s unclear how many the juries found guilty or were executed.
- 1593 – Two final Depopulation Acts passed
- 1597 – James VI of Scotland publishes his ‘Daemonologie’ purporting to detail practices and enable identification of witches.
- 1600 – Incorporation of the East India Company which began controlling trade for empire in Bengal, India and the far east.
- 1603, 24 March – James I ascends to the throne of England having been James VI of Scotland for 36 years, uniting the two monarchies.
- 1604 – James I passes a stricter Witchcraft Act reversing Elizabeth I’s leniency. It is enforced by self-styled ‘Witchfinder General’ Matthew Hopkins.
- 1604-1607 active enclosure revolts in Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire and Warwickshire, culminating in 1607 in armed revolt under a leader with the pseudonym ‘Captain Pouch’. Forty or fifty rebels out of a rag-tag-army of about a thousand peasants are shot dead at Newton by a ‘body of mounted gentlemen with their servants’, while several others are hanged and quartered.
- 1605, 05 November – Gunpowder plot orchestrated by Lord Salisbury to test James I and justify persecution of Catholics
- 1607 – the term ‘Leveller’ is heard for the first time as organised anti-enclosure gangs emerge and ‘riots’ spread around the counties of Northamptonshire, Warwickshire and Leicestershire.
- 1607 – 1636 the governments of James I and Charles I set themselves against John Dee’s covert empire-building by pursuing an active anti-enclosure policy.
- 1611 – Publication of King James’ Authorised Version of The Bible, commissioned in 1604 and still recognised as one of the most accurate..
- 1612, 18-19 August – Pendle witch trials culminating in nine hangings for Maleficium (causing injury by divination) of some self-confessed coven-members on 20th August.
- 1620 – Voyage of The Mayflower from Plymouth to Cape Cod setting up the first official North American colony.
- 1625, 27 March – Charles I ascends the British throne on death of James I
- 1626 June – Parliament impeaches Charles I’s friend and adviser George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham so Charles quickly dissolves Parliament.
- 1629-1640 – ‘Eleven years Tyranny’ as Charles I attempts to rule without Parliament
- 1629-1640 – The Providence Island Company, with John Pym MP as treasurer, becomes the organisational base for mercantile Puritan opposition to the king and his attempts to rule without parliament. Supposedly set up to open trade with Spanish in Latin America the company becomes a centre for domestic legal, political and military opposition to Charles I. Located 150 miles east of Nicaragua’s Mosquito Coast Providence island is ostensibly a model Puritan colony but is used by English Privateers as a base from which to attack Spanish shipping. The Phoenicians (2500-500BC) had also used offshore islands to manage trade and as a base to operate against territories they wished to control.
- 1630 – Justices of five midland counties are ordered to remove all enclosures made in the previous two years
- 1632, 1635 and 1636 – Three Royal Anti-Enclosure Commissions levy huge compositions, or fines, on those who have enclosed land in contravention of Depopulation Acts. Charles I levies total of £50,000 ‘compositions’, or fines, as a penalty for depopulation and evictions from 1633 to 1638, some of which are retrospective. Equivalent in 2020 of around £2.2 billion.
- 1635 – Supposedly converted to Christianity Portuguese-Jewish merchant Antonio Fernandez Carvajal moves to London’s Leadenhall Street as the first endenizened, or naturalised, English Jew for nearly 200 years. His ships trade to the East and West Indies, Brazil, and Levant in gunpowder, wine, hides, pictures, cochineal and corn. Plus he has lucrative government contracts to supply the army with corn and an additional £100,000 annual turnover of silver. Carvajal also brings with him a vast intelligence network of paid informers, of use to any army.
- 1635 – Charles imposes Ship Money tax to finance the Royal Navy on inland towns and cities which had previously levied only on ports.
- 13 April – 5 May 1640 – ‘Short Parliament’ summoned by Charles I which insisted on grievances against the king being addressed before voting him any money. Charles then promptly dissolved it.
- November 1640 – December 1648 – ‘Long Parliament’ elected. Earl of Strafford (d. May 1641), Cottington, Sir John Finch (escaped to Holland) and Archbishop Laud (d. 1645), who have been running the country for the king, are impeached and either executed or escaped into exile until the restoration.
- November 1641 – Parliament states its demands that the king strictly purge the church of England of all ‘Roman Catholic tenancies’ in the ‘Grand Remonstrance’ drafted by Puritan John Pym.
- On 4th January 1642 king Charles attempts to arrest the ‘five members’ John Pym, John Hampden, Arthur Hesilrige, Denzil Holles and William Strode for treason. Charles had first gone to the House of Lords demanding they arrest the MPs for him. After a short debate the Lords refused and so Charles and his accompanying guard of soldiers had to go into the Commons themselves to make the arrests. Charles utters the opening line of the English Civil War, “All the birds are flown” and humiliated, leaves London. We now know the five members were already safely hidden in the City of London, which had probably been tipped off by a spy at court.
- 10 June 1642 – Charles I is forced to leave London for Oxford, establishing his rule in other parts of the country with a virtual line of his support running roughly from Southampton up to Hull. Roughly 1/3 of MPs and the majority of Lords support the king.
- 22nd August 1642 – Charles raises his standard at Nottingham hoping loyal aristocracy will support him against Parliament. Later in the month Parliament orders al theatres closed.
- 23rd October 1642 – Battle of Edge Hill between Banbury and Stratford-on-Avon in Warwickshire proves indecisive with around 15,000 troops on each side.
- 20 September 1643 – First Battle of Newbury in Berkshire again proves indecisive as the King tries and fails to stop Essex returning to London from Gloucester.
- 2nd July 1644 – Battle of Marston Moor is a decisive Parliamentary victory near York. Prince Rupert, for the King, took on Cromwell and Fairfax with Edward Manchester in command of the parliamentary army. Confusion reigned on both sides that day but Manchester grabbed the initiative, routing the royalist army inflicting crippling losses, with 4,000 of Charles’ fighting men killed and 1,500 captured. Manchester’s decisive performance as a general that day led to conflict with Cromwell later that year over the conduct of the war. Manchester was dismissed, eventually opposing the trial of Charles I from sidelines.
- February 1645: Sums of money which prove to be decisive are spent over the winter refashioning the parliamentary army for what proved to be the decisive 1645 fighting season. Parliament’s New Model Army of 20,000 soldiers is better equipped, disciplined and trained.
- 14 June 1645 – Battle of Naseby, South of Market Harborough, is the final decisive defeat of the English Civil War. Charles I joined Prince Rupert to command 7,500 cavaliers, who faced around 14,000 New Model Army Roundheads led by Cromwell and Fairfax. 5,000 royalist soldiers are captured leaving Charles’ forces in the midlands decimated and the cities of Leicester, Chester and Winchester all saw the writing on the wall, surrendering to parliament.
- 10th July 1645 Langport in Somerset saw the Royalists’ final strategic military defeat. Soldiers of Charles’ supporters in the South West were defeated by Fairfax and his well-organised, City of London resourced, army. Bristol merchants had been independent royalists, and remained so until the following September when, under siege, they surrendered England’s second city to the roundheads. So furious was Cromwell with Bristol for holding an independent line against his merchant forces, he had his engineers level the city’s historic castle with explosives after the war.
- July 1645: Leveller pamphleteer Lt. Col. John Lilburne is arrested
- Elizabeth Lilburne women’s petition to parliament
- 1646 – in his memoirs Elias Ashmole records his initiation into freemasonry at Warrington sixty years before Freemasonry is supposed to exist in England
- 12 November 1646 – Charles I loses the battle of Newark and is taken into custody by the Scottish army
- January 1647 – Scots deliver Charles over to parliament for the sum of £100,000
- June 1647 – trouble at’ mill – Cromwell settles with army agitators
- June and July 1647 – letters pass between Oliver Cromwell and Amsterdam’s Mulheim Synagogue financier Ebenezer Pratt about Jews being readmitted to England in exchange for his financial support and advice.
- 11 November 1647 – Charles is deliberately allowed to escape from Hampton Court for pro-Cromwell dramatic effect and makes his way to the Isle Of Wight, from where he plans to escape to France. IoW governor Colonel Robert Hammond is not so sympathetic as Charles had hoped and he is re-imprisoned in Carisbrooke castle.
- August 1648 King Charles I is taken prisoner.
- September 1648 – In his pamphlet ‘Les Francs-Maçons Écrasés’ (1774) French Catholic priest Abbé Larudan alleges Cromwell, realising his own life will be forfeit if negotiations for peace with Charles proceed, forms a witchcraft cell to push through the execution Charles, under Masonic guise. The inauguration takes place at a location in King’s Street, St. James, London over two evening meetings four days apart. Named as present are Oliver Cromwell, his son-in-law Henry Ireton, Algernon Sidney, a Mr. Newell, Martin Wildeman, James Harrington (colonel of the London trained bands), George Monck Parliamentary commander-in-chief Thomas Fairfax along with many others. The ‘holy spirit’ is said to have visited Cromwell during the intervening days to affirm god’s support for him and his group. The ostensible aim is the rebuilding of ‘proper Christian order’ and once they have been inducted at their second meeting a painting of Solomon’s ruined Temple is presented to initiates in a neighbouring room, illustrating the ‘task in hand’. A master, two wardens, a secretary and speaker are all appointed as this newly formed cult’s officers which consists of all factions in Parliament, church and army. It proceeds to spy on MPs to assess their views on negotiation with or trial of Charles I in preparation for Pride’s purge three months later. So, did Cromwell ‘do a deal with the devil’? Exactly a decade later Cromwell is dead. Rumours survive about Cromwell ‘selling his soul to the devil’ at the 1651 battle of Worcester.
- 20 November 1648 – Cromwell’s son-in-law Henry Ireton’s Remonstrance is presented to Parliament calling for the trial of Charles I for treason.
- 2 December 1648 Charles I is held in Hurst Castle
- On 1st December, the House of Commons resists Ireton’s calls to proceed to try the king, voting by 129 to 83, a majority of 46 votes, to accept the King’s terms for his restoration to power.
- The following day the New Model Army occupies London and arrests 41 MPs who had most actively supported the king, hoping that this will send a clear message to the others, if just a few of those remaining who support the king change their mind no further action by the army will be necessary.
- 6 December 1648 – The Rump Parliament is created with Pride’s Purge. Acting on orders from Cromwell’s son-in-law General Henry Ireton, and apparently unknown to army chief General Fairfax, Colonel Thomas Pride surrounds parliament with troops and ‘purges’ Parliament of a further 140 or so MPs who had voted for the negotiated settlement with Charles. This leaves only 71 out of the originally elected 489 MPs still sitting, the so-called ‘Rump Parliament’. Around two hundred of the Long Parliament’s original MPs are now in prison and around the same number in fear of the army, afraid to speak out. Ninety MPs, the majority of those who voted the previous day to negotiate with the king, are purged from parliament along with 45 who resisted arrest detained for several days. Those considered most dangerous to Cromwell’s cause. Sir William Waller, Sir John Clotworthy and Lionel Copley are imprisoned in the tower without charge for many years. Denzil Holles, Colonel Massey and Major-General Browne escape to the continent.
- 4th January 1649 a motion is but before parliament proposing the king be tried for treason. Only 46 of the Rump’s 71 MPs turn up to vote and 26 vote in favour, a majority of six is enough. The following day the Lords vote overwhelmingly against the same motion, but the vote is set aside by the then government, Cromwell’s Council of State. General Henry Ireton’s demand that Charles be put on trial is now voted through. In public Oliver Cromwell said he had his doubts about the purges and at the end of December he tells the House of Commons “the providence of God hath cast this upon us”. Once the decision had been made Cromwell “threw himself into it with the vigour he always showed when his mind was made up, when God had spoken”.
- 20 January 1649 – a court is convened in Westminster Hall and Charles I is charged with “waging war on Parliament.” It was claimed that he was responsible for “all the murders, burnings, damages and mischiefs to the nation” in the English Civil War. The jury included remaining members of Parliament, army officers and large landowners. Some of the 135 jurors did not turn up for the trial. For example. General Thomas Fairfax, the leader of the Parliamentary Army, did not appear. When his name was called, his masked wife, Lady Anne Fairfax, shouted out, “He has more wit than to be here,” and was whisked out of the public gallery before she could be arrested. After the court had been sworn in Charles demanded to know by what authority he had been brought to trial. President of the court John Bradshaw replied ‘In the name of Parliament assembled and all the good people of England’. Lady Fairfax who had quietly returned sprang up again ‘It is a lie! Not a half – nay, not a quarter of the people of England’ and she was once more spirited away.
- 30 January 1649 – Outside the old Palace of Whitehall Charles I is executed. Immediately afterwards, to the consternation of the regicides, his memoir ‘Eikon Basiliske’ (Portrait of the King, his sacred majesty’s solitude and sufferings) is published. Sold amongst the silent crowds, and after more than twenty editions, it went on to become one of England’s all time bestsellers. England is now a military dictatorship run by Cromwell and his Council Of State’ appointees.
- 1649-1660 – Elected by The Rump Parliament after the House of Lords has been abolished the Council of State assumes virtually sole executive powers during the interregnum.
- Wednesday 28th March 1649 – Early morning arrest of Leveller pamphleteers John Lilburn, William Walwyn, Overton and Thomas Prince – Cromwell launches ‘project fear’ on the Council Of State ‘…if you do not break them they will break you, yea, and bring all the guilt of the blood and treasure shed and spent in this kingdom upon your heads and shoulders…’ – proposes all four prisoners are committed to the tower and wins by one vote.
- 1 and 18 April – two separate 10,000 signature Petitions for Levellers’ release
- 23 April 1649 – Women’s 10,000 signature petition to Parliament served, demanding release of the four Leveller captives and an end to arbitrary rule which is bringing famine to the land
- 1 May 1649- The Agreement of the People published – Leveller manifesto
- May 1649 – Wages unpaid and refusing to fight in Ireland, hundreds of parliamentary Leveller soldiers sack their officers at Burford, Oxfordshire. Cromwell arrests them in a midnight raid and next day three soldiers are executed for mutiny. Commemorated in Burford at the annual ‘Levellers Day’ with music, speeches, and a march from the parish church where soldiers and their horses were imprisoned.
- 1650-1720 – the ‘golden age’ of piracy. The British secret state’s sponsorship of pirates is denied, just as Elizabeth denied she’d supported privateers Drake, Raleigh etc. The Royal Navy ‘state within a state’ works hard to fulfil John Dee’s vision for Britain’s dominance of the high seas as the empire is established
- 3 September 1651- Battle of Worcester – final battle of the English Civil war with Charles II leading a Scottish army. Parliamentarian soldiers outnumber Royalists roughly 2:1 – Royalist casualties of c. 3,000 are roughly five times that of the Parliamentary army and 10,000 royalist soldiers are captured – a resounding defeat for Charles II
- 3 September – Wednesday 15 October 1651 – Charles II goes ‘on the run’ for 43 days after losing the battle of Worcester and travelling as a fugitive, disguised as an ostler. After Captain Limbry’s abortive attempt to smuggle him to France from Charmouth in Dorset Charles eventually makes it across the channel from Shoreham, Sussex in Captain Tattersall’s coal freighter ‘The Surprise’.
- 4th July to 12 December 1653 – ‘Barebones Parliament’ of 140 Cromwell appointees replaces the Rump Parliament who are ejected by Cromwell’s soldiers.
- 16th December 1653 – 25 May 1659 – ‘The Protectorate’. After Barebones is dissolved the ‘Instrument of Government’ creates the office of Lord Protector for Cromwell who chairs the Council Of State now as sole military rulers.
- March 1655 – Uprising in Wiltshire against Cromwell’s military rule led by Colonel John Penruddock who led his followers into Salisbury and declared Charles II king. The rebellion was crushed, its leaders executed and English military rule suppressing all gatherings and pastimes was formalised into 11 districts each run by a major-general for the next two years.
- December 14, 1655 – After much lobbying by founder of Holland’s first Hebrew printing press Menasseh Ben Israel, Jews are allowed back into England for the first time since they were expelled in 1290.
- 25 may 1657 – Humble Petition and Advice offers Cromwell the title of King which he rejects.
- 3 September 1658 – Cromwell dies aged 59.
- 14 April – 29 December 1660 – Convention Parliament elected.
- 1660 – Restoration of Charles II to the English throne after his exile in France and the death of Oliver Cromwell – known as a time of great literary and cultural freedom: comedies by Dryden, Wycherley, Ertheridge, Sedley, Buckhurst etc, after previous grim decade of puritan rule.
- June-July 1685 – Exiled after the 1683 Rye House Plot, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth launched the Protestant Monmouth Rebellion on 11th June 1685 landing with at Lyme Regis in a failed attempt to depose James II. On 6th July Battle of Sedgemoor near Bridgwater, Somerset, finishes off this rather insufficient attempt by Protestants to cut off the Catholic Stuart line.
- 5th November 1688 – William of Orange lands at Torbay with 14,000 soldiers and 5,000 horses. Coup d’état or ‘Glorious Revolution’ follows as James II is forced into exile in Ireland, while Protestant, William III, ‘King Billy’ takes the English throne. This also begins the Catholic ‘Jacobite’ movement committed to restoring the Stuart line. Jacobite areas tend to be Scotland, Northern England and the South-West, the old royalist regions of the English Civil War.
- 1707 – Great Britain comes into being after the passage of the Treaty of Union with Scotland.
- 27 August 1715 – Jacobite rising by the ‘Old Pretender’ James Edward Stuart, son of deposed King James II, to regain the crown of England, Scotland and Ireland. On 14th November his army surrendered at Preston and the rebellion was over.
- 1737 – Andrew Ramsay reveals the 33 degrees of Scottish Rite Freemasonry, so named because no decree had ever been issued by Scottish Monarchs banning the Knights Templar.
- 1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlie leads abortive Jacobite rebel march on London
- 1951 – The Fraudulent Mediums Act makes witchcraft legal in Britain for the first time since 1542.
In his 1826 novel ‘Woodstock’ Sir Walter Scott recounts, ‘the bankrupt brewer of Huntingdon’, and other contemporary cavalier quips about Oliver Cromwell’s obscure pre-war life. The aggressive, failed manager mysteriously given a new role as an MP.
It should be clear by now that Charles was not simply dealing with an organised faction of merchants who wished to see the nation run more efficiently. No, behind these various plots was a conscious choice to sidestep Christianity, the moral code that had been keeping them in their place. As the joyless, pecuniary policies of the pseudo-Christian Puritans also implies. In taking on parliament and the City of London was Charles confronting John Dee’s well-organised criminal conspiracy? Dark forces at play with nothing less than the world as their prize?
Is it this stepping into the spiritual that makes so many historians baulk at addressing the wickedness of overthrowing the monarchy in the seventeenth century, to replace it with a system of glorious rule by Cromwell’s council of state? Where a secret cabal gets to hire and fire those on the panel and there is limited free speech. In 1649 Burford even parliamentary soldiers thought Cromwell might be worse than the king.
However wicked a king might be, and Henry VIII was one of the most despotic rulers since Herod, every once in a while the feudal system throws up a good sort. It did with Charles and there was nothing the oligarchy, organised crime, could do to unseat him except character assassination followed by kangaroo court and execution.
Reading list – in order of personal preference
Old Rowley, The Private Life Of Charles II by Dennis Wheatley (1933) – affectionate roller coaster ride through young Charles survival and resurgence after the war including easy to follow up detail on the cultural thrill of the restoration
The Levellers And The English Revolution by Henry H. Brailsford (1961) – takes us through the formation and attempted destruction of Cromwell’s key Leveller opponents, along with their offshoots. Though Brailsford is an internationalist he shows deep understanding for the spiritual and moral factions on both sides of the war
Edmund Ludlow And The English Civil War edited by Jane Shuter (1994) – fascinating account of a Parliamentary commander who finds himself slowly losing faith in the cause for which he has been fighting
Born In Blood, The Lost Secrets of Freemasonry by John J. Robinson (1989) – Extraordinary historical exploration of the previously hidden origins of eighteenth century Freemasonry in ancient and medieval secret societies.
The World Turned Upside Down by Christopher Hill (1972) – Detailed analysis of seventeenth century counter-culture centred around the protestant reformation and agricultural reforms being imposed on England and the cataclysmic Civil War which followed.
The Witch-Cult in Western Europe by Margaret Murray (1921) – A study of the underground persistence of secret Canaanite and Phoenician religious cults under the surface of gentile modern European society.
Who we are
The Land Is Ours was set up in 1995 by writer George Monbiot with the aim to echo in the UK land rights campaigns across the developing world, notably Brazil’s landless movement (MST). Also to take up the cause through non-violent direct action of forgotten Diggers, Chartists and Land Leaguers on our own islands. You can find us online at http://www.tlio.org.uk and join the Diggers list, set up in Easter 1999 when we occupied St George’s Hill, Surrey for two weeks on the Diggers’ 350th anniversary, by sending a blank email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Land is a free gift to mankind so should never be considered private property like other things. ‘True Leveller’ Gerrard Winstanley said ‘The Earth is a Common Treasury for All, Without Respect of Persons’. Winstanley died a Quaker and the Bible puts it thus: The land is not to be sold permanently, for the Earth is mine, sayeth The Lord God, and you are but my tenants. Leviticus 25:25.
Dissolution of the Monasteries, Civil War, Thomas Cromwell, Oliver Cromwell and the founding of freemasonry and Zionism?
BCfm’s weekly Politics Show presented by Tony Gosling with Irish Republican Labour activist Martin Summers was forced off FM, now online only. We were ‘rested due to the pandemic’ on 24 March 2020 by BCfm charity ‘CEO’ Patrick Hart who is a longtime personal friend of Bristol’s all-powerful right-wing ‘Labour’ mayor Marvin Rees. This Internet only NOT The BCfm Politics Show is now available 17:00-c. 21:00 live on Fridays. Pat Hart replaced us with an inane student show repeating MSM stories called The Bristol Agenda. If you’d like to share your views on his deliberate dumbing-down mismanagement you can contact UK broadcasting regulator Ofcom or BCfm board chair and the ‘Don’ here.
February 2019 Ofcom complaint result: UKLFI exposed as creation of Israeli foreign ministry – Bristol Post article: BCfm cleared after being reported to Ofcom for anti-semitic conspiracy theories